The aims of the Centre for Health, Activity and Rehabilitation Research (CHEAR) are to generate research and knowledge exchange activity that enhances:
(i) The quality of life of people living with long-term health conditions and
(ii) The nutritional and physical well-being of the general public.
Our research, conducted with partners in the healthcare, community and commercial/industrial sectors, also aims to support the development of enhanced professional practice and policy.
The activity of the Centre for Health, Activity and Rehabilitation Research (CHEAR) is based on the research programmes of staff working in the Rehabilitation Sciences (RS) and Clinical Nutrition and Biological Sciences (CNBS) fields of study.
Both groupings conduct applied and translational research that addresses real-life issues affecting the health status and quality of life of people (including patients), the professional practice of clinicians/health and social care workers and the development of health and social care policy. A key driver of our clinically-oriented research is the use of collaborative consortia to develop, implement and evaluate outcome evaluation frameworks and interventions that acknowledge the importance of patient-led self-monitoring and, increasingly, self-management of long-term health conditions in diverse populations (e.g. frail elderly; paediatric, orthopaedic, neurological, cardio-metabolic conditions).
Our recent research activity has been funded from a number of sources including the National Institute of Health Research (NIHR), Chief Scientist’s Office (CSO), Scottish Government, NHS Health Scotland, local NHS Trusts, and a wide range of medically-oriented charity funders (e.g. Alcohol Research Council, British Kidney Patients Association, Coeliac Society UK, La Fondation Motrice, Multiple Sclerosis Society of the UK). In addition, we continue to attract industry-funded research support, especially via the activities of our Knowledge Exchange partner, the Scottish Centre for Food Development and Innovation.
• To provide systematic review evidence for the efficacy and effectiveness of Rehabilitation Sciences (RS) and Clinical Nutrition and Biological Sciences (CNBS) interventions targeted at vulnerable groups and/or people living with long-term medical conditions;
• To develop and evaluate feasible, and contextually appropriate, outcome assessments (including self-monitoring strategies) for potential implementation in healthcare and/or community based intervention research evaluations;
• To undertake pilot research trials (e.g. phase II Randomised Controlled Trials - RCTs) to test the feasibility and acceptability of Rehabilitation Sciences and CNBS interventions;
• To develop and evaluate the effectiveness of pragmatic Rehabilitation Sciences and CNBS interventions (including self-management approaches) with both healthy and patient.
As impact generation is a core value of CHEAR, and central to the mission of the university, we are constantly seeking opportunities to apply and translate our research for the wider benefit of our stakeholder communities. In this regard we work closely with healthcare teams, and patient groups across the public, private and third sector to provide research-informed evidence that impacts upon the development and delivery of appropriate services to enhance quality of life. We are also increasingly extending this approach with commercial partners from the Health Technology and Food and Drink sectors to deliver impact around public understanding of the health, social and economic benefits associated with assistive and prosthetic health technologies as well as the benefits of functional food and drink.
We are committed to ensuring that the Research and Knowledge Exchange activity of CHARR supports the continued generation of high levels of impact and relevance to patients, practitioners and policy makers and particularly within healthcare environments.
The Centre currently focuses on three multi-disciplinary research themes:
• Physical Activity and Exercise Rehabilitation
This sub-theme primarily investigates the integration and optimisation of exercise rehabilitation and physical activity applications into routine health care. Assistive technology as a means to enhance physical independence (participation) is also a focus of this group.
• Musculoskeletal and Orthopaedic Rehabilitation
This group investigates issues related to the surveillance of acute and chronic musculoskeletal insult/injury, the optimisation of neuromuscular assessments, and the design and evaluation of orthopaedic surgical and associated rehabilitation interventions.
• Clinical Nutrition and Biological Sciences
The CNBS group conducts nutritional, dietary and health outcome surveillance research. They also investigate the potential utility of “functional foods” and other dietary interventions for health improvement and disease risk reduction in healthy and vulnerable populations. Research within this sub-theme spans basic biological science, dietetic and public health nutrition.
CHEAR offers postgraduate research supervision expertise across our three sub-themes of Physical Activity and Exercise Rehabilitation, Musculoskeletal and Orthopaedic Rehabilitation and Clinical Nutrition and Biological Science.
We welcome applications from individuals with interests in research that focuses on health, nutritional status and quality of life of people, the professional practice of health and care professionals, and the development of health and care policy. A key driver of our postgraduate research training is the use of collaborative partnerships to facilitate applied research programmes of high relevance to our key stakeholder communities (e.g. consumers, patients, industry, NHS).
We have extensive experience of the supervision of postgraduate research and we offer research training via our MSc Clinical Research and PhD degree routes. Initial enquiries can be directed to Professor Tom Mercer (Director of CHEAR) or to individual members of the Centre who are engaged in the relevant area of research.